West Virginia: The Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum.

Considered to be a holy grail for ghost hunting in paranormal circles, the Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum is as haunted as it is historic. We visited this epic beast on the last day of our 2019 East Coast road trip (Epic East Coast Road Trip. – you will find a section about this former insane asylum at the end of this blog, but I believed that it deserved it’s own post with far more details and photos). We were driving straight through West Virginia, a state I could very likely never get a chance to visit again, and I was NOT missing this opportunity. Although we planned on driving the entire 12 hours home from Washington D.C. in one go, this was something I’ve been looking forward to for yearssss, so we stopped and took a tour.

So, buckle up buckaroos!

Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum. The name alone invokes a special kind of something inside the hearts and souls of the weirdos like me who are interested in the paranormal. Fans of paranormal t.v. shows like Ghost Adventures love this place, since it’s routinely featured on basically every single ghost hunting t.v. show in existence. It’s not an over exaggeration to say that this old hospital is a mecca for paranormal enthusiasts. It also routinely makes lists of “most haunted locations” in the United States, and sometimes even the world.

Located in the small town of Weston, West Virginia (population: 3,775), at 71 Asylum Drive, Weston, WV 26452, it began construction sometime in the 1850’s and was originally called the Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum. However, work was halted due to the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861. There was a brief fight over the money issued to finish building the hospital, and eventually building resumed in 1862. After West Virginia became a state in 1863, the hospital was renamed the West Virginia Hospital for the Insane, and the first patients arrived the following year in 1864. It was, once again, later renamed as the Weston Hospital in 1913. It was originally built to house only 250 patients, but by 1949, there were around 1,800 patients calling it “home”. Additions were built, however, they were still insufficient in handling the overpopulation issues.

TALA, as I will now refer to it, was the brainchild of Thomas Story Kirkbirde, a man who’d later go on to found what would become the American Psychiatric Association. He built the hospital on the premise that most mental illness was “a shadowy, irreversible condition best treated in darkness with force and physical restraint“. We’ve certainly come a long way in understanding mental illness since the 1850’s. However, oddly enough, he also emphasized that patients needed freedom, stating that they would “behave better” if allowed to believe that they had some control over their lives.

Then the lobotomies started. TALA became, more or less, the experimental training ground for this new “amazing” procedure. The man who spearheaded this inhumane, and quite frankly, stupid procedure was Walter Freeman. At the time, he was a famous surgeon and a super fan of lobotomies. According to some sources, Freeman performed no less than 4,000 lobotomies, sometimes leaving completely sane and “normal” patients total vegetables, totally incapable of taking care of themselves anymore. He used the insanely barbaric “ice pick method”, which consisted of taking a tool shaped like an ice pick and ramming it through a patients eye socket, up into their brain, and then hammering away to sever the connective tissue in the brain’s prefrontal cortex. Those who were lucky enough to not become total vegetables were still left with lifelong brain damage and reduced cognitive abilities.

Making it all worse, were the type of things patients would be put into TALA for and possibly given lobotomies for. These reasons were truly stupid, and included such “aliments” like drug addiction, alcoholism, epilepsy, a woman disagreeing with her husband or “causing domestic trouble”, chronic mania, being “deluded”, religious excitement or a woman disagreeing with her husbands religion, overworking, masturbation or over-sexuality, exposure to the Army or simply “the War” (yes, really), greediness, superstitions, kicked in the head by a horse, laziness, bad whiskey (I wish I was making these up), bad company, asthma, loss of a lawsuit, “snuff eating for 2 years”, gunshot wounds, fell from a horse during war, politics, fighting fire (whatever that means), and sooo many other incredibly dumb reasons.

In the “recovery ward”, as in, recovery from lobotomies or “Operation Ice Pick”, as they crudely called it.

The hospital became defunct and abandoned in 1994, particularly when a large portion of the hospital was destroyed due to vandalism by county and city police officers playing paintball in it. Yes, really. A couple ended up buying it in 2000 and restored it enough to the point where they could give tours and add three small museums to the first floor. They also renamed it to its original name. It’s been a pretty successful tourist attraction and ghost hunting hotspot ever since. It’s open Tuesday through Friday (as well as on Sunday) from 12pm to 6pm, and on Saturday from 10am to 6pm. It’s only closed on Mondays.

Luckily, we had a very small tour group. I’d say overall, there was about 13 of us. I loved this. There’s nothing worse than going on a tour and there’s 30+ people.

There are daytime and nighttime tours one can take (we took a daytime tour). These tours focus pretty heavily on the ghosts and little on the history. The daytime tours are offered daily (except on Monday) at 12pm, 2pm, and 4pm, with a 10am tour option offered only on Saturdays. They are 90-minutes long and costs $35 per person. All daytime tours are first come, first serve. The nighttime paranormal tours require a reservation, run for about 2-hours, and cost $40 per person. Nighttime paranormal tours are not daily and run at specific dates and times (hence why they require a reservation). Both the daytime and nighttime paranormal tours are guided and you are required to stay with your guide. There are also 30-minute flashlight tours that focus half on the paranormal and half on the history, mainly the Kirkbride building and the Medical Center. These tours are also first come, first serve and cost $10 per person. The official website does not give days or hours for these flashlight tours, and simply says “Call for details”.

TALA is right off I-79 in WV (seriously, it’s only about 5 minutes from the highway), the same interstate that goes from D.C. back to Princeton, Indiana; our destination. As mentioned, we would have been major fools to skip it, something I simply wasn’t willing to do. Even though Kristi isn’t into the haunted stuff like me, she begrudgingly agreed to come along (although I was going regardless 🙃), and ended up having some weird, unexplainable experiences herself while there. More on our individual experiences later!

We didn’t see or hear any ghosts; however, some weird things did happen. One of the guests on the tour brought along his ESA (emotional support animal), a cute little bull terrier, who was NOT down with the ghosts of TALA. His owner said he was acting strange from the start, not even wanting to enter the hospital, and had to be basically dragged inside. Once on the tour, he was extremely alert and on edge the entire time, and would bark without warning at what appeared to be nothing – something his owner said was “unusual behavior” for him. For example, his reaction while doing an EVP (electronic voice phenomena) session. We were in one of the day rooms/smoking rooms where the patients would regularly hang out – and where they have caught numerous EVPs (basically audio recordings of ghosts), as well as pictures – when we started doing an EVP session ourselves.

The ghost-sensin’ doggo and our guide in the orange shirt.

The guide asked a young boy, maybe aged 12 or 13, to ask the ghosts questions and we were going to listen for answers through this EVP box. He asked normal questions like “what is your name”, “who are you”, “is anyone here with us”, just basic stuff like that, and we weren’t getting any answers. Then, without warning, the dog began barking, stood straight up with ears alert, and locked eyes directly on the boy and the guide holding the EVP device. It freaked out everyone, including the guide, who quickly put away the EVP device and decided to move along out of the room. This behavior from the dog continued throughout the entire tour.

The 4th floor a.k.a. The Most Haunted Floor at TALA. This is where a bulk of the murder happened, so, this is also where a bulk of the paranormal activity occurs.

The guide took us to various floors and rooms of TALA, including solitary confinement, where they did the actual lobotomies, the lobotomy recovery unit, floors housing the most violent patients, floors where teens were held, and floors where both females and males would have been held. They were all basically the same; extremely small rooms with a single barred window in it. The rooms that hit me most were the solitary confinement rooms, because it was just so barbaric…. because they chained patients to the walls.

The average solitary confinement room at TALA. These are the rooms where the patients would be chained to the walls.

They chained the patients to the freaking walls, with one arm attached to one side of the room and the other chained to the other side. This would cause the patient’s arms to spread out like a giant T, forcing them to stand the entire time. There was just a hole in the ground, directly beneath them, to use for the bathroom. The guide said it was common practice that whoever put the patient in the room was the only one allowed to take the patient out, so if some sadistic nurse or doctor put someone in on a Thursday and left for a long weekend, that poor patient would remain, strung up, until Monday morning when that nurse or doctor returned to work. They have removed the holes in the ground and the chains, but there are remnants of where the chains used to be attached to the walls.

One of the markings were the hooks for the chains used to be.

There were numerous murders at TALA, mainly patient on patient, but also, patient on staff. While most of the violence committed by the patients was directed at each other, they also targeted nurses and doctors. Female staff were routinely sexually assaulted and one nurse went missing, only for her rotting body to be found at the bottom of a staircase two months later. There is a bathroom on the 4th floor where a male patient was shanked, and who then drug himself to the nurses station, only to never make it. Another room is said to be extremely haunted by a ghost who had his head bashed in with a bedpost. The staff routinely leave out cigarettes for these various ghosts, as they have found increased activity when leaving such presents.

The bathroom where the shanking took place.
If a patient ate something they weren’t supposed to, they would lock them in this cage until they pooped it out. 🥴

As for our “experiences” …

Mine: I felt extremely lightheaded for much of the tour, but particularly on the 4th floor. Once we were up there, my legs shook slightly and became weak, and I had to lean against the wall for support. It didn’t feel like I was going to pass out (I’ve passed out before, so I know the signs), but it was as if there was some kind of energy in the building sucking out my energy to use as its own. I would also have extreme cold flashes from time to time. I would go from being hot and almost sweating (it was mid-July in humid West Virginia), to shivering and covered in goosebumps. Kristi: in the area where the guide told us about a young boy who was jumped and stabbed (and attempted to crawl to the nurses station), Kristi felt that someone was pulling on her ankle (as someone would if he or she were crawling and needing help), and a weird sensation like her foot was becoming too big for her shoe. She also felt lightheadedness and got cold chills.

I could write 10 more paragraphs on the Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum, but I will save y’all from that. All I will say is that this place is amazing and if you ever get the chance to go, do not pass it up, especially if you’re a believer in the paranormal. I would absolutely love to do an overnight there, but given that I live on the western side of the country, and TALA is in the middle-of-nowhere-West Virginia, the chances are rather slim on that. I also fear I may not be able to revisit TALA, period, due to it’s rural location. So, if you get the opportunity to do an overnight, or just to visit in general, TAKE IT!!!

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